Using the terms Criminology and Criminalistics as synonyms is a fairly common mistake among those who are not familiar with either of these 2 branches.
However, and although both are scientific disciplines related to criminal acts and behaviors (the main reason for this confusion), the truth is that each of them is in charge of studying or investigating different aspects .
We will tell you what differences there are between Criminology and Criminalistics, as well as what are the professional opportunities that you can choose if you study any of our degrees in Criminology.
DEFINITION OF CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINALISTICS
Broadly speaking, Criminology and Criminalistics could be defined as:
- The Criminology seeks to understand the reasons why crimes are committed and the (social, cultural …) factors that invite your commission . Criminology understands the criminal phenomenon as a broad entity that involves victims, criminals, crime and deviant behavior, reaction to crime and social control. Its purpose, in addition to the knowledge of social realities and the development of explanatory theories, is to manage crime and its impact (prevent, treat victims and offenders and guide public policies).
- The Forensic science is a scientific discipline that is responsible for investigating and verifying evidence of a crime to be presented to the Justice and discover the offender . Look for clues and clarify the facts.
CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINALISTICS: 6 DIFFERENCES
Below, we have prepared a table that compiles the main differences between Criminology and Criminalistics:
|Science type||Social science: it is based on those scientific disciplines that focus on the study of the human being and society (Psychology, Anthropology, Sociology, etc.).||Exact or natural science: it is based on scientific disciplines that study nature and its phenomena (Biology, Physics, Chemistry, etc.).|
|Aspects studied||It covers both the study of the criminal act and the offender and the victim: crime prevention, consequences that a specific crime may have for society, behavior patterns, social, economic and political factors that generate crime and deviant behavior, etc.||It studies crime as an individualized event and does so from the collection of evidence, which it analyzes with the support of natural sciences.|
|Investigation process||It is an applied science and, as such, it can generate social change in order to create a more just, equal and secure world.||More practical than theoretical: evidence is examined, reports are written that are then presented to trial, crime scenes are recreated …|
|Relationship with the laws||It helps to formulate the laws and adopt the most appropriate prevention measures in each case.||Seeks that the laws apply to the perpetrator of a crime.|
WHAT CAREER OPPORTUNITIES DOES STUDYING CRIMINOLOGY HAVE?
If you consider yourself a person with a certain social sensitivity, teamwork skills and you are interested in the world of crime and its prevention, at the European University we have a wide range of Degrees and Double Degrees in Criminology:
- DEGREE IN CRIMINOLOGY
- DEGREE IN CRIMINOLOGY ONLINE
- DOUBLE DEGREE IN CRIMINOLOGY AND LAW
- DOUBLE DEGREE IN CRIMINOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY
If you decide to train in the area of ??Criminology, some of the professional opportunities that you can develop are:
- Drafting of criminological expert reports in the Administration of Justice.
- Preparation of crime prevention programs , both national and international.
- Participation in the area of cybercrime and CYBERSECURITY .
- Specialization for the State Security Forces and Bodies and Penitentiary Institutions .
- Management of private security and investigation companies .
- Intervention with adults and minors responsible for having committed a crime.
- Criminal mediation.
- Advice to crime victims .