THE OBJECTIVE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (ODS) NO. 13 (CLIMATE ACTION) SEEKS URGENT ACTION TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS EFFECTS.
Climate change is an issue that is affecting all the countries of the world to a greater or lesser extent. As a direct consequence, sea levels and meteorological phenomena are changing and are becoming more and more extreme, affecting societies and the economies of countries.
CLIMATE CHANGE IN FIGURES
There is no country on planet earth that has not suffered the effects of climate change. Among them is the increase in greenhouse gases, today, they are 50% more than those registered in 1990.
In addition, global warming is causing permanent changes in the ecosystem, causing many of these consequences to be irreversible. It is estimated that, in 2017, human beings caused a temperature rise of 1ºC above pre-industrial levels.
To limit this increase in temperature by 1.5ºC for the year 2050, Co2 emissions should decrease by 45% between 2010 and 2030 and reach 0% in 2050.
And the fact is that the climate promises that are covered by the Paris Agreement only cover a third of the reductions in emissions necessary to keep the planet at a temperature below 2ºC.
As for the rise in sea level, it is estimated that the oceans have increased by about 20 cm since 1880. It is estimated that by 2100, they will rise between 30 and 122 cm.
In economic numbers, a bold climate action could generate some 26 trillion in economic benefits and 18 million jobs related to sustainable energy by 2030.
WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF SDG 13?
- Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related risks and natural disasters in all countries.
- Incorporate measures related to climate change in national policies, strategies and plans.
- Improve education, awareness, and human and institutional capacity regarding climate change mitigation, adaptation, reduction of its effects, and early warning.
- Fulfill the commitment of the developed countries that are party TO THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE and achieve by 2020 mobilizing 100 billion dollars to meet the needs of developing countries through the Green Climate Fund.
- Promotion of mechanisms to increase the capacity for effective planning and management in relation to climate change in developing countries, with special emphasis on the role of women, youth, and marginalized and vulnerable communities.
RESPONSE TO COVID-19
As countries rebuild their economies, affected by the arrival of the Covid-19 pandemic, they are responding to the needs of climate change through recovery plans that shape the economy of the 21st century to be clean, green, healthy, safe and more resilient. Presenting this situation as an opportunity to carry out a profound and systemic change towards a more sustainable economy for people and the planet.
Six climate-friendly measures that governments can adopt in rebuilding the economy after the Covid-19 crisis proposed by the United Nations Secretary-General:
- Green transition through investments that accelerate decarbonization.
- Green jobs and sustainable and inclusive growth.
- Green economy: more resilient societies through a just transition for all.
- Investing in Sustainable Solutions: Disappearance of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Polluters’ Duty to Pay.
- Face all climate risks.
- Cooperation: no country can succeed alone.
Today more than ever, it is vitally important to work together to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, especially SDG 13. One way to contribute to this is through recycling, responsible and sustainable consumption and energy saving. Between all of us, we can achieve it.