The objective of sustainable development (ODS) No. 10 (https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/es/inequality/) seeks to reduce inequalities within and between countries . Despite progress in recent years, it remains a cause for concern, now compounded in turn with the onset of the pandemic.
The pandemic has brought out economic inequalities and the fragility of social safety nets, which make the most vulnerable communities suffer the consequences in an accentuated way, especially affecting the poor.
Regarding gender inequality, COVID-19 also puts at risk the progress made in this area and the rights of women. These negative effects can be seen in many areas: from health to the economy, security or social protection of women and girls as a consequence of their sex.
WHICH GROUPS ARE MOST AT RISK OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION?
Countries with deficient health systems, countries that had already been suffering humanitarian crises, refugees, migrants, indigenous peoples, the elderly, people with disabilities and children are the groups that are especially at risk of being excluded.
INEQUALITY, IN DATA
- Children in the poorest 20% of the population are up to 3 times more likely to die before their fifth birthday.
- People with disabilities are up to five times more likely to face “catastrophic” health expenses.
- Women in rural areas are up to 3 times more likely to die in childbirth than those living in urban centers.
- Up to 30% of income inequality is due to inequality within households, including between men and women.
- Women are more likely to live below 50% of the median income than men.
RESPONSE TO COVID 19
To ensure that everyone has access to essential services and social protection, the United Nations has demanded an extraordinary effort from international support and political commitment. Even a reinforcement of financing through the United Nations Fund for response to COVID-19 and recovery, in order to support those low- and middle-income countries and other vulnerable groups that are bearing the socio-economic effects of the pandemic.
WHAT ARE THE TARGETS SET BY SDG 10?
- To progressively maintain the income growth of the poorest 40% of the population.
- Strengthen and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all people regardless of their race, sex, age, disability, origin, religion or economic situation.
- Guarantee equal opportunities and reduce inequality, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices.
- Adopt social protection policies.
- Improve regulation and oversight of global financial markets and institutions.
- Ensure greater representation and intervention of developing countries in the decisions adopted by international economic and financial institutions.
- Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people.
- Apply the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
- Promote official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment.
- Reduce the transaction costs of migrant remittances to less than 3% and eliminate remittance corridors with a cost greater than 5%.
From the European University, we join in the achievement of SDG 10 and we do it through our different volunteer activities and our area of ??Attention to Diversity : workshops for mothers in situations of social difficulty, school support for boys and girls, support to learning Spanish for young people etc.