The climate change and the energy crisis are some of the challenges that are currently facing the environment and also the main reasons why the latter architects years and engineers around the world or students of the Degree in Environmental Sciences are showing much interest in the development of green building or sustainable architecture.
Another aspect that has also contributed to the proliferation of sustainable constructions or buildings with almost zero consumption ( Nearly Zero Energy Buildings , nZEB) has been the entry into force of regulations such as, for example, the Europe 2020 Strategy of the European Commission . This aims to achieve sustainable growth based on a green economy, more efficient in the management of resources and more competitive.
BIOCONSTRUCTION: WHAT IS IT?
Bioconstruction is one that uses techniques and materials that respect the environment during the construction process of a building or home, in addition to wanting to reduce its negative impact through adaptation to local conditions and efficient energy consumption.
THE 6 KEYS TO SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
Some of the most representative architectural trends of sustainable buildings are:
Before starting to build, it is important to prepare a report that collects, on the one hand, the environmental conditions and limitations of the site (humidity, orientation, solar radiation, etc.), and, on the other, the needs of the tenants who are they intend to cover with this construction. All this information will influence your design and the decision of which architectural techniques and materials will be most suitable.
One of the principles of sustainable architecture is the reduction, reuse and recycling of waste. For this reason, it supports the use of natural materials (wood, stone, slate, etc.) and proximity so that the carbon footprint is as low as possible, as well as those made from recycled materials or that can be recycled in the future. .
3. AIR CONDITIONING
To achieve greater comfort in buildings and that their energy consumption is minimal, sustainable architecture has a lot to do with air conditioning techniques based on the use of natural energies, such as:
- Thermal insulation (thermal envelope with a thickness greater than that of conventional homes and installed in a watertight way to avoid leaks, hermetic doors and windows, etc.).
- Ventilation systems with heat recovery.
- Use of solar energy for lighting and heating (watertight glazed surfaces).
- Adequate distribution of the rooms.
4. RENEWABLE ENERGIES
Also, it is convenient to carry out a technical study in which the different renewable technologies that could be installed in bio-construction (photovoltaic or thermal solar, mini-wind, biomass, geothermal, aerothermal, etc.) are determined and the options that will yield greater savings are determined. long-term energy and economic .
5. HOME AUTOMATION
The implementation of home automation is very useful when it comes to optimizing the resources of this type of construction, since it gives the user the possibility of monitoring, controlling and programming any system (ventilation, air conditioning, etc.) through a connected mobile device to Internet.
6. VERTICAL GARDENS
In addition to recovering the environment and the environment , vertical gardens contribute to the insulation of buildings and the regulation of their temperature thanks to the fact that the vegetation completely covers the facade of the building.
Likewise, other outstanding advantages of these green walls is that they filter harmful gases and produce oxygen.
SPECIALIZE IN SUSTAINABILITY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
It is increasingly evident that the concepts of sustainability and renewable energy are gaining ground in sectors such as Architecture and Engineering .
At the European University we do not want you to be left behind and that is why we have a training adapted to new environmental requirements .