Speech therapist and functions and professional opportunities

Speech Therapy is a regulated health profession that focuses on the prevention, detection, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies and disorders related to:

  • The communication.
  • Oral (aphasia) and written (dysgraphia, dyslexia and dysorthography) language.
  • Speech (dyslalia, dysarthria, dysglossia and dysphemia).
  • The voice (dysphonia).
  • Hearing (hearing loss).
  • Cognitive processes (neurological and neurodegenerative diseases).
  • Other associated oral functions (swallowing, chewing, breathing, blowing, sucking, and orofacial disorders).


The main objective of a speech therapist is to try to improve the health and quality of life of those people who have communication difficulties or who have problems in certain non-verbal functions: sensory, musculoskeletal, postural, etc. To do this, they rely on the use of evidence-based therapeutic techniques and by means of which they try to suppress (or, at least, reduce) the communication and social barriers caused by these bodily alterations.

Likewise, these specialists offer their help and advice to relatives, caregivers of these patients and professionals of other categories. 


  • Detection, evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of patients with communication and language disorders or people at risk of suffering them.
  • Advice to family members, caregivers and other professionals.
  • Assessment of the effectiveness of your professional activity and ability to modify it according to the results obtained from it.
  • Making consultations and referrals to other health professionals if the patient’s case requires it.
  • Organization, supervision and management of services and activities related to the training and professional practice of Speech Therapy in the areas of Health, Education and Social Welfare, corresponding to public administrations and private companies.
  • Preparation, execution and evaluation of clinical, educational and research programs of a preventive and healthcare nature.
  • Acting as an expert witness or expert upon judicial request.
  • Linguistic and scientific research specialized in Speech Therapy.


Performing all these functions successfully will not cost you if you have adequate university training, such as the Degree in Speech Therapy that we offer at the European University. 

In addition to acquiring all the linguistic and scientific knowledge (Anatomy, Pathophysiology, Biology, Neurology, Pedagogy, Humanities, Psychology, etc.), and the competencies that you will need in your day-to-day professional life, studying Speech Therapy and having an official qualification is currently a requirement to be able to practice this profession. That, or be authorized by the Professional Association of Speech Therapists of the corresponding autonomous community.


In recent years, the employability rate of speech therapy professionals has grown and, therefore, many graduates find employment in less than a year. This is mainly due to the fact that the job opportunities in this field are very numerous.

On the one hand, because these experts are trained to provide their services to people of any age : childhood, adolescence, youth, adulthood and old age.

On the other hand, because their activity can be carried out, both individually and in collaboration with other specialists as part of multidisciplinary teams, in public and private entities belonging to various sectors such as, for example, health, education and social.

Taking this into account, some of the main professional opportunities for a speech therapist are found in:

  • Hospitals and Health Centers
  • Hospital units: Dentistry, Maxillofacial Surgery, Otolaryngology, Rehabilitation, Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychology, etc.
  • Dysphagia and neonatology units.
  • Speech Therapy Cabinet
  • Educational Centers (kindergartens, schools, institutes, etc.)
  • Pedagogical Advice Units
  • Special Education Schools
  • Early Care and Child Development Centers
  • Teaching in Training Centers for Speech Therapy Professionals
  • Social and assistance services: residences for the elderly, day centers, home care, courts, etc.
  • Associations for people with disabilities
  • Media (radio, television, etc.) and audiovisual productions
  • Penitentiary institutions
  • Corporate environments
  • Linguistic and Scientific Research Centers